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James Taylor

James Taylor

James Taylor joined the IPA As Director of Communications and Freedom to Publish in January 2018. 


Prior to joining the IPA in Geneva, James was based in Brussels where he looked after communications and public affairs at the Society of Audiovisual Authors (SAA), the European grouping of collective management organisations for screenwriters and directors. He started his career in Brussels dealing with communication and membership services at the Independent Music Companies Association, IMPALA.

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The final day of the Congress started with a detailed look at 'Book Markets in India'. Emma House, Deputy CEO of the PA UK, spoke about the size and importance of each publishing sector and the variety of languages (India has 22 official languages but Hindi and English make up 90% of publications). André Breedt of Nielsen noted, educational publishing dominates the Indian market. Local publisher Himanshu Gupta (S Chand) claimed that Indian publishers are embracing digital as an enabler for hybrid learning. He was supported by Vikas Gupta of Wiley, who called on publishers to become platforms for smart digital content.

The next session 'Strengthening Education Publisher Capacity' was chaired by Willmar Diepgrond from the German Westermann Group and Chair of the IPA's dynamic Educational Publishers Forum (EPF). Spanish publisher and Vice Chair of the EPF, Jaume Vicens (VicensVives) detailed the digital revolution that educational publishers are undertaking. 

Brian Wafawarowa, the President of the Publishers Association of South Africa, described the educational ecosystem that publishers work in and spoke about what resources are needed for successful lobbying of government. Mathematician and former Vice-Chancellor of Delhi University, Professor Dinesh Sing, spoke eloquently about ancient, pre-copyright forms of dissemination of knowledge in India and asked whether we could learn from them.

IPA President, Michiel Kolman, led the next session on 'STM Publishing', showing how this sector had deftly avoided predictions of its demise by actively embracing the very 'disruptions' that were meant to destroy it. FIP president, NK Mehra, gave the Indian perspective on this decades-long transformation of the sector, while Peter Wiley of John Wiley and Sons explained how his 200 year old company faced and embraced change and disruption with various levels of success. Today Wiley contributes to building a better future through education, skill development, and research. Sanjeev Goswami, Managing Director of SpringerNature India, expanded on the openness and sharing that SpringerNature embraced, as the leading Open Access publisher with advanced article and data sharing facilities.

Former IPA President, Ana Maria Cabanellas chaired the final session of the Congress, which on 'Collective Rights Management'. Caroline Morgan, CEO of the International Federation of Reprographic Rights Organisations (IFRRO) highlighted the differences between the collections and distributions of different RROs. Kevin Fitzgerald from WIPO underlined the cultural and economic importance of CMOs but called on them to come up with digital and cross border solutions if they want to survive. He was followed by Michael Healy, Executive Director of the Copyright Clearance Centre in the USA, who spoke of the perfect storm facing CMOs but reminded the audience that solutions were possible through voluntary licences. And finally Rohit Kumar, a consultant for the Indian Reprographic Rights Organisation, spoke of the need for the Indian government to decide whether it actively prioritized intellectual property rights for the benefit of Indian creators and rightsholders or not.

With the sessions completed, it was left to IPA's President, Michiel Kolman, and Vice President, Hugo Setzer to bring the Congress to a close, thank those who worked tirelessly behind the scenes to make it happen, and announce the destination of the 33rd IPA International Publishers Congress - Lillehammer in Norway!

 IPAcongress2018-Closing-Speech-MK.pdf IPAcongress2018-Closing-Speech-HS.pdf

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After yesterday's intense high-level discussions about the future of publishing, copyright and freedom to publish, the second day began with a series of panels about the nitty gritty of publishing and finished with an emotional roller coaster and two standing ovations.

IPA Vice President, Hugo Setzer, led the first session on the social responsibility of publishers, which talked about the importance of WIPO's Marrakesh Treaty and the work of the Accessible Books Consortium (ABC), as well as how publishers aren't in it just for the money but also for truth and knowledge. Stay tuned for a full blog from Hugo tomorrow.

Responding to copyright challenges, Paul Doda, Chair of the IPA's Copyright Committee, asked Lui Simpson to give a round-up of the predicament that copyright finds itself in at the beginning of the 21st century. Liu spoke of the need for data to help construct a narrative in support of copyright. Louise Adler spoke about publishers' struggle in Australia against the changes to the Copyright Act being pushed by proponents of US-style "fair use". She said that the rights of users should not exceed the rights of creators. Pravid Anand spoke in detail of the Delhi University case.

The afternoon kicked off with a fascinating address from Norwegian publisher of The Satanic Verses William Nygaard, where he noted the immense pressure on publishing coming in different forms from government, libel laws and extremism. He emphasized that if you are running a publishing house you need to be close to your authors and that self-censorship is a lack of leadership. Trasvin Jittidecharak lamented the lèse-majesté laws in Thailand. Jürgen Boos noted that even though he doesn't agree with the right-wing publishers that register to exhibit at Frankfurt Book Fair he cannot exclude them, if they had not committed a crime.

Bodour Al Qasim led the session on creating the readers of the future. IPA Executive Committee member Karine Pansa spoke of the fundamental importance of literacy. Gita Wolf of Tara Books and Monica Malhotra Kandhari, managing director of the MBD Group, talked about creating the readers of the future from two different perspectives - through parents instilling a love of reading and by publishers embracing the digital revolution. Zhang Mingzhou noted that, in China, online literature has piracy issues that the industry can't handle alone. We'll have a full blog from Bodour on this session tomorrow.

Zhang Mingzhou again featured in the next session on "online literature" chaired by Zhang Siying from the Publishers Association of China. He spoke about how online development has created a boom in writers in China, something that was previously a preserve of the elite. Charlie Redmayne spoke about HarperCollins UK's strategy about using digital to make sure that Amazon does not become the only online retailer.

IPA Secretary General, José Borghino, was a panelist in the closing session chaired by Pierre Dutilleul and called on the publishing industry to take data collection seriously, as part of constructing a powerful narrative to government and others about the value of publishing. Ahmed Al Amedi and Jacks Thomas spoke about how book fairs are a great opportunity to bring publishers from different cultures together.

The day finished with powerful testimonies from the families of two publishers who have suffered for their commitment to freedom to publish. First Angela Gui, receiving the 2018 IPA Prix Voltaire on Gui Minhai's behalf evoked Voltaire himself: "I think that my father's version of optimism is perhaps precisely the kind that Voltaire describes. It's an optimism that in the face of unimaginable cruelty still believes in change. And it's an optimism that isn't crushed by lies, force and humiliation."

Bangladeshi Publisher Faisal Arefin Dipan was given a posthumous Special Award. His widow, Razia Rahman Jolly, told the audience, "We have sacrificed our sunshine. We are in darkness," but she promised to continue her husband's work and keep publishing books in Bangladesh.

And with that the second day of the IPA Congress was brought to an emotional close.

The final day of the Congress will include sessions on book markets in India, strengthening education publishing capacity, STM publishing, collective rights management and finally the closing ceremony including the announcement of the location of the 2020 IPA International Publishers Congress.

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A full 26 years after the previous IPA Congress in New Delhi, we're back with a great programme. This will be the first of our daily blogs over the next 3 days.

The day started with a traditional candle lighting ceremony, before the Minister for Science and Technology, Dr Harsh Vardhan, arrived to launch the day's proceedings. IPA President Michiel Kolman gave a keynote address where he called on the publishing industry to stop being defensive and to shout about the industry's many successes, sentiments that were echoed by FIP President, NK Mehra.

The big picture

The opening session, the Global Leaders Forum, featured heavyweights Amitabh Kant (CEO of NITI Aayog - the National Institution for transforming India), former IPA Presidents YS Chi (Elsevier) and Richard Charkin (Bloomsbury), and Matthew Kissner (John Wiley & Sons) looking at the big picture around the systemic disruption of global publishing. Mr Kant confirmed the Indian government's support for copyright and called on the sector to embrace technological change to meet the challenges of educating an Indian population undergoing the biggest demographic transition in history. Mr Charkin said that, following decades of dramatic change in publishing when marketing and then distribution were key, the author must now come back to being the central focus for trade publishers. He added that we have to educate the 5 biggest publishers in the world - Google, Facebook, Apple, Amazon and Microsoft - about proper respect for copyright. Mr Chi predicted that the publishers that will thrive in the future are those that have both an analytics capability and unique content. He spoke of the breakneck speed of change that publishers have to manage just to survive. Mr Kissner questioned the superiority of digital, saying that, currently, many digital books were inferior to print books and that the shift to digital means that publishers must rethink the way we present information.

Creating a digital marketplace that works

The heavily anticipated second session Shaping the Future of Copyright, hosted by IPA President Michiel Kolman, featured Maria Pallante (CEO of the Association of American Publishers) and Francis Gurry (Director General of the World Intellectual Property Organization) tackling several key questions around how to create a functioning global digital marketplace for creative content? 

It was agreed that governments and non-governmental organizations have a role to play in bringing stakeholders together to develop voluntary measures that honour copyright while still enabling the enormous benefits of global digital delivery that has given the tech platforms an enormous advantage over traditional publishers. 

Respect for copyright, it was noted, can result from capacity building in less developed markets. Countries that have the infrastructure to support a local publishing industry also recognize the benefits of copyright, which in turn leads to better and more consistent enforcement against copyright infringement.

The session ended on a positive note: publishing and publishers are here to stay, vital not only to culture, but to educated, stable societies.  Publishers just have to embrace change and continue to innovate, as they have in the past.

The global freedom to publish challenge

PEN International President, Jennifer Clement, opened the final session, Do Freedom to Publish Awards and Recognition Help?, with a  compelling keynote reminding us that challenges to freedom of speech are global and that women in particular are the worst affected. This was followed by a moving first-hand update via Skype from Angela Gui, daughter of the 2018 IPA Prix Voltaire recipient Gui Minhai, on her father's continuing ordeal. She was sure that her father would welcome the award, contrary to recent reports, and was convinced that vocal support from the world community was better than silence if her father's situation is to improve. This feeling was echoed by the 2017 IPA Prix Voltaire recipients Cavit Nacitarhan and Elif Günay who made a direct appeal to the publishers everywhere to support their Turkish colleagues who have borne the brunt of the repressive regime in Turkey. 

That brought the day's proceedings to a close with the audience agreeing that this was one of the best opening days to an IPA Congress.

I post this as I run to the gala dinner. Make sure you follow #IPAcongress2018 on twitter during tomorrow's discussions. We have a jam-packed second day covering the social responsibility of publishers, responding to copyright challenges, the threat of self-censorship, how to create the readers of the future, online literature and bringing publishing markets together - all topped off by the 2018 IPA Prix Voltaire award ceremony.

Kal milenge!

IPACongress2018---MK-Opening-speech-DELIVERED-10-2-18.pdf

 

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Just 4 days to go until the beginning of this year’s International Publishers Congress, back in New Delhi after a 26-year break.

The full programme is now online and is packed with interesting discussions on all aspects of the publishing industry. 

The first day sets the tone for the Congress with the Global Leaders Forum bringing together big names – Amitabh Kant (National Institution for Transforming India), Y. S. Chi (Elsevier), Matt Kissner (John Wiley and Sons) and Richard Charkin (Bloomsbury) from the publishing world to share big ideas about the future of our sector. 

That will be followed by sessions about the IPA’s two pillars – copyright and freedom to publish. Having the Director General of WIPO – the UN agency coordinating copyright policy discussions worldwide – really is a big deal, and his session with Maria Pallante, CEO of the Association of American Publishers, moderated by IPA President, Michiel Kolman, will be fascinating. 

Closing the day with a keynote from PEN International’s President, Jennifer Clement and a conversation with our Prix Voltaire winners from last year and this year will also bring us back to earth about the realities for many authors and publishers in countries where publishing can be dangerous for your health.

If you want to start getting a feel for some of the subjects of discussion, check out the Copyright Clearance Center’s podcast Beyond the Book which features an interview with IPA President, Michiel Kolman.

If you can’t be there, that doesn’t mean you can’t follow events in New Delhi. You can follow the IPA on twitter @IntPublishers and look out for the hashtag #IPAcongress2018. We will also be publishing a daily blog summarising the day’s highlights.

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